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Tree Fruit E-Alert 10/8/20

October 2020

In this Edition of Tree Fruit News:

NY-1 ‘Snapdragon’ Skin Disorders Observed in the Hudson Valley of New York State

Mitigating Freezes on Late-Maturing Varieties

Fruit Harvest - Handling of Frozen Apples

New York Sick Leave Requirement: What We Know, Still Don’t Know, and Action Items

How Do Drought and Frost Affect Weed Management?

CFAP 2—USDA’s Way of Giving You a Check to Help with Your Other COVID Expenses

Three New Cornell Apples that are Available for Testing

The Use of Reflective Materials and Other Technologies for Improving Fruit Color on High Value Apple Cultivars in WNY

Upcoming Events & Important Information

Click Here to View the FULL NEWSLETTER
Week 8 Hudson Valley Fuji & NY-2 Harvest Maturity Program (HMP) Test Results

Dan Donahue & Sarah Elone, CCE-ENYCHP

Due to the large amount of variability associated with strains, root stock selections, planting systems, the widespread use of ReTain, Harvista, ethephon, and local orchard microclimates, it is impossible to sample and process enough locations to make specific harvest recommendations. ENYCHP HMP data is meant to be used as a general indicator of apple harvest maturity under natural conditions, and nothing more.

This week’s apples were sampled on Tuesday, October 6th and processed the same day. Sample size is 10 fruits picked for color, multiple trees, both sides.

FQM = “fruit quality & maturity parameters”.

Weekly Summary of Fruit Maturity Progress

Ulster County "Standard" Fuji Blocks for 10/06/2020

Comments: Two blocks in central Ulster County sampled this week. Historical data from 2016 & 2017 is presented for comparison. Fuji development is usually stable from season to season. The most notable difference this season is that sizing is off by two categories and color by approximately 7%. Should be ready to pick later next week.

Ulster County “Aztec” Fuji Blocks for 10/06/2020

Comments: Two blocks in central Ulster County sampled this week. Historical data from 2017 is presented for comparison. Fuji development is usually stable from season to season. Sizing is in these blocks is near normal while color is excellent. Only one apple observed with watercore. Fruit from the two sampled blocks would be suitable for long-term storage this weekend, wait a little longer for fall sale.

Ulster County NY-2 Block for 10/06/2020

Comments: Fruit in this block looked picture perfect for NY-2. Large and consistent sizing (considering conditions this season), spectacular and consistent color, high Brix and great firmness. SPI may not be a good indicator for this variety, but a 5.6 rating suggests that this fruit is not suitable for CA storage. No watercore was observed. This block was picked yesterday (10/7) and is destined for fall marketing.

For next week: Time to look at EverCrisp and early strains of Pink Lady.

Houlton succeeds Kathryn Boor, who will become dean of the Graduate School

Blaine Freidlander, Cornell University

Reprinted from Dairy Buisness News

Benjamin Z. Houlton, director of the John Muir Institute of the Environment and professor of global environmental studies at the University of California, Davis, has been named the Ronald P. Lynch Dean of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS), Cornell Provost Michael I. Kotlikoff announced today.

Houlton’s five-year appointment, effective Oct. 1, has been approved by the Executive Committee of the Cornell University Board of Trustees and is pending ratification by the State University of New York Board of Trustees. He also will be appointed a professor in the Departments of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and of Global Development.An accomplished environmental scientist, Houlton is recognized internationally for research collaborations into ecosystem processes, solutions to ameliorate climate change, and to improve carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycles for energy and food production.

“Ben’s leadership, scholarship and research experience meshes perfectly with CALS’ commitment to an interdisciplinary culture and a deeply held belief that effecting meaningful change requires a holistic, systems-based approach to problem-solving,” Kotlikoff said. “His leadership at the Muir Institute – and his own scientific discoveries – have advanced sustainable agriculture and demonstrate a bold vision to promote planetary health and resilience. In addition, his talent for championing faculty and students to help solve the world’s challenges will serve CALS well.”

Houlton succeeds Kathryn Boor ’80, who will become dean of the Graduate School and vice provost for graduate education Oct. 1.

CALS is among the most comprehensive academic units in the world and is widely regarded for the quality of its programs, which are housed on the Ithaca campus and at Cornell AgriTech in Geneva, New York.

Cornell’s land-grant commitment guides the college’s focus on ensuring human well-being while protecting and restoring the environment and working to transform food and human systems in financially and ecologically sustainable ways.“My excitement to join Cornell is matched by a recognition of the real responsibility of leading the world’s greatest college of its kind,” Houlton said. “I will approach this with a core of principle values – humility, cooperation, collaboration and the ability to engage in deep listening. Leveraging these values as I work with faculty, students and staff, I want to make sure everyone feels they are completely a part of what the college is trying to achieve as an important, relevant global entity.”

CALS has 350 faculty members, 16 academic departments and two schools, matriculating more than 3,000 undergraduate students and nearly 900 graduate students. The college encompasses 22 majors and 40 minors, and offers more than 1,500 courses. In 2019 its research budget exceeded $254 million.

“It’s important to build on the legacy and tradition of global excellence at Cornell,” said Houlton, who noted work being done to address some of the world’s biggest challenges, such as reducing food insecurity, diminishing climate change, promoting environmental stewardship and maintaining human nutrition.

By 2050, he said, this planet must feed about 10 billion people. “For me, I think of this as an opportunity for faculty and extension experts, expanding upon our basic discoveries for real-world impact,” he said, “and importantly to educate a rich array of diverse students – tomorrow’s changemakers – who can lead the world in solving its most critical planetary challenges.”

Houlton also considers diversity, equity and inclusion as central to advancing CALS’ mission and commitment to sustainability.

“Ezra Cornell nailed it from the beginning, ‘… an institution where anyone can find instruction …,’” he said.

Houlton will share responsibility for leadership of Cornell Cooperative Extension throughout New York state with Rachel Dunifon, the Rebecca Q. and James C. Morgan Dean of Cornell’s College of Human Ecology. As dean, he will report to the provost and be a member of Cornell’s senior administrative team.

Director of UC Davis’ John Muir Institute of the Environment since 2016, Houlton oversees 300 faculty affiliates plus 350 postdoctoral researchers, staff, and undergraduate and graduate students who are engaged in cross-disciplinary research aimed at solving the most challenging environmental, economic, human health and welfare problems. Under his leadership, the institute’s revenues have grown from $26 million to $36 million annually.

At the institute Houlton launched the One Climate initiative and a strategic plan to bolster corporate, philanthropy and foundational giving.

As part of his Muir Institute work, Houlton secured $5 million to launch the Working Lands Innovation Center that connects scientists with farmers, ranchers, Native American tribes, business and government in more than 100 acres of farmland carbon sequestration projects.

Houlton has served on the UC Davis faculty since 2007, teaching global environmental studies. In 2017, UC President Janet Napolitano appointed him to the University of California Global Climate Leadership Council, charged with implementing greenhouse gas reduction plans for the university to achieve carbon neutrality systemwide by 2025.

In 2018, Houlton served as founding co-chair of the California Collaborative for Climate Change Solutions, a public-private partnership connecting leaders in academia, business, finance and philanthropy with policymakers.

Houlton has published more than 60 peer-reviewed scientific articles in such leading journals as Nature, Science and the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

In 2006, Houlton won the Gene E. Likens Award from the Ecological Society of America. The award is named for Likens, who was a Cornell professor (1969-83) in the Section of Ecology and Systematics, the predecessor of the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. He has also received an Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Young Investigator Award (2008) and an NSF CAREER Award (2011).Houlton earned a bachelor’s degree in water chemistry (1998) from the University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point; a master’s degree in environmental engineering (2000) from Syracuse University; and a doctorate in ecology and evolutionary biology (2005) from Princeton University. Afterward, he served for two years as a postdoctoral scholar in biological sciences at Stanford University and the Carnegie Institute of Science at Stanford.

Houlton grew up in Wisconsin, where his family roots span a long line of Midwestern dairy and poultry farmers. Houlton will be accompanied to Ithaca by his wife, Amanda, and their two children, Sydney and Ashton.

COVID-19 Links from the Cornell College of Agriculture & Life Sciences

Julie Suarez, Associate Dean for Government and Community Relations, CALS

Need COVID-19 information? View the following Cornell CALS and CCE Resource Pages Updated Regularly

General Questions & Links:

https://eden.cce.cornell.edu/

Food Production, Processing & Safety Questions:

https://instituteforfoodsafety.cornell.edu/coronavirus-covid-19/

Employment & Agricultural Workforce Questions:

http://agworkforce.cals.cornell.edu/

Cornell Small Farms Resiliency Resources:

https://smallfarms.cornell.edu/resources/farm-resilience/

Financial & Mental Health Resources for Farmers:

https://www.nyfarmnet.org/

2 Minute Spanish Language Educational Video on COVID-19:

https://www.trabajadores.cornell.edu/

Quick Links to Tree Fruit Resources on the Web:
ENYCHP - Cornell Cooperative Extension Eastern New York Commercial Horticulture Program

Cornell NEWA Website for Weather Info, Computer Models, Pest Management

Scaffolds Fruit Journal, edited by Dr. Art Agnello, Posted Weekly around 3:00pm Mondays

Dana Acimovic’s Blog on Hudson Valley Laboratory Horticultural Research

Peter Jentsch’s Blog on Eastern New York Entomological Challenges

Dr. Srdan Acimovic’s Blog on Eastern New York Pathological Challenges

PERC Training Resources Pesticide Education Resources Collaborative, WPS Training resources

NYSPAD Portal, DEC website with up-to-date information on pesticide materials (replaced PIMS)

Cornell Crop and Pest Management Guidelines

Cornell Fruit Resources Website

Dan Donahue

CCE Extension Associate-Tree Fruit Specialist

ENY Commercial Horticulture Program

3357 RT 9W

Highland, New York

Office: (845) 691-7117

Cell: (518) 322-7812

Email: djd13@cornell.edu

Mike Basedow

CCE Extension Associate-Tree Fruit Specialist

ENY Commercial Horticulture Program

Plattsburgh, New York

Cell: (518) 410-6823

Fax: (518) 561-0183

Email: mrb254@cornell.edu